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Sociotechnical transition

A sociotechnical transition describes a process of systemic change that involves changes in (cultural) practices, norms and institutions besides the diffusion of new technologies. See also: "Transition (process)"

Geels, 2010 Geels, 2011

Strategic Niche Management (SNM)

The creation, development and controlled phase-out of protected spaces for the development and use of promising technologies by means of experimentation, with the aim of (1) learning about the desirability of the new technology and (2) enhancing the further development and the rate of application of the new technology.

Kemp, Schot and Hoogma, 1998, p186

Stretching and transforming

Processes that contribute to changes in mainstream selection environments in ways favourable to a path-breaking niche innovation. For example, lobbying for NEW rules/regulations that could support your innovation or new business model.

Smith and Raven, 2012, p1034

Sustainability transitions

Tadical transformation towards a sustainable society as a response to a number of persistent problems confronting contemporary modern societies. Grin et al., 2010, p1 (

Grin et al., 2010, p1 (

System innovation

A fundamental change in the way in which society meets its needs. System innovations involve cohesive changes in deeply ingrained patterns of action in the structures in which they are embedded. The term is synonymous with ?transition'.

Transition in practice webiste. (

System innovations

Large-sacale transformations in the way societal functions such as transportation, communication, housing and feeding are fulfilled.

Elzen, Boelie, Frank W. Geels and Kenneth Green, 2004. System innovation and the transition to sustainability: theory, evidence and policy. Edward Elgar Publishing

Transition management

Transition management is an approach that offers ways to influence the direction and pace of societal change towards sustainability. The approach has been used to stimulate sustainability transitions in localities (e.g. regions, cities and neighbourhoods), and to initiate transformations in socio-technical systems, such as energy, water and mobility.

The guidance manual "Transition management in the urban context", developed in the MUSIC project (Available in four languages:

Transition process

A transition is a long-term transformative process that involves a fundamental (systemic) change in structures, institutions, practices and values. Transitions comprise developments from different domains across multiple disciplines that culminate in major shifts of sociotechnical systems. Transitions are emergent and non-linear processes that can typically only be assessed in retrospect.

Loorbach, 2007 Geels & Schot, 2007 Geels, 2011

Transitioning approach

A cluster of methods aimed at supporting the process for managing projects and programmes in order to reshape targeted innovation projects into transition experiments. It is expected that this approach contributes to increase the potential of those projects and proggrames to scale up and, thereby, facilitate a broader transition process.

Van den Bosch and Rotmans, 2008 (