From a 'climate change' perspective and also from the economic perspective one could obviously argue that nuclear power provides an good alternative, as it's carbon footprint is negligible in comparison to fossil fuels and it is also cheap.
However, my view on it is more idealistic, I must admit, as I can never blank out my environmental concerns related to waste production.
Managing the waste seems to me like an endless struggle, even though I think it should be one of the major factors when considering to produce nuclear power. Disposal might be strictly regulated, but as far as I am following this field the waste seems to be moved from one temporary storage facility to another.
I know that disposal sites for intermediate- and low-level waste do exist in many countries of the world. But as no country has managed to find/build a final and permanent disposal site, I find it almost reckless to produce radioactive waste.
Plus, even though nuclear energy production is cheap, I imagine its waste disposal (and potential contamination) is one day going to create substantial costs. I would assume this is not included in the current price per kWh right now, or is it? Does anybody know?
Should nuclear energy be included in our decarbonised energy mix of the future?
This is an ongoing debate - what is your opinion and why?
(There is also a poll for this question in the REI MOOC - Drivers for energy change).
I think nuclear energy could be use during the transition, as a support or substitute for carbon in small scale, as we increase the use of other renewable energy sources. Specific time span should be agreed to shut down nuclear facilities and stop the construction of more plants.
I think that nuclear energy is should not be included in future energy mix. First, nuclear power plants can become potential hazards. For example, the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Secondly, we still have problems regarding burial of nuclear waste, especially high level nuclear waste. Lastly, the fact that Beligium is ready to shut down its nuclear power plants is quite self explanatory. Why would a country resolve to ending its largest source of energy supply? China's shift to nuclear power is quite prominent. May be she is doing so to meet the targets of COP 21 as nuclear energy produces low carbon emissions.
Nuclear energy , irrespective of the issues regarding its proper handling and disposal,should be used as an alternate energy source as
1) It generates huge amount of energy.
2) Can overcome the energy demand by producing less residues.
We need to reply on it as we , so far, are unable to access any other efficient energy source except nuclear energy. Therefore, as long as we fail to find better options, we need to rely on this source.