1. Piret Stern Dahl
  2. E-waste Challenge
  3. Saturday, January 23 2016, 08:06 PM
How is e-waste defined in your country?

What does this mean for how it is regulated under the Basel Convention?

This discussion is part of the learning nugget E-waste across borders in the second module of The E-waste Challenge.
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Shelley Soetosenojo Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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In my country there is not yet any definition on e-waste. There is not even a national definition for waste in general. There is no legal framework for waste management, although this is in a drafting process for almost 15 years now.
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Luis Martinez Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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Though there isn't a specify legislation of e-waste, Argentine include it in law n° 24051 of hazardous waste. Argentina has suscribe Basel Convention.
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Ndifreke Ekaette Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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In my country Nigeria, according to FEPA Harmful Wastes Provision Degree 42 of 1988, wastes are defined as substances or objects which are disposed off or are intended to be disposed off by the provisions of the laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
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Eric Guantai Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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in Kenya, the definition of E-waste has different answers from different people based on their understanding, i guess this is because of the absence E-waste regulation in operation that would aid by giving a indicative definition on E-waste

Eric Guantai
http://www.recylainternational.com
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Jane Chukwudebelu Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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Electronic wastes (or e-waste) has different attributes to different people in my country but Institute of Chartered Chemists of Nigeria (ICCON) defined it as includes all types of obsolete, discarded or unwanted electronic equipment.
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Beate Vought Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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Below is the definition of e-waste for Switzerland:
http://ewasteguide.info/e_waste_definition

Swiss ORDEE regulations

Household Appliances:
Washing machines, Dryers, Refrigerators, Air-conditioners, Vacuum cleaners, Coffee Machines, Toasters, Irons etc.

Office, Information & Communication Equipment:
PCs, Latops, Mobiles, Telephones, Fax Machines, Copiers, Printers etc.

Entertainment & Consumer Electronics:
Televisions, VCR/DVD/CD players, Hi-Fi sets, Radios, etc

Lighting Equipment:
Fluorescent tubes, sodium lamps etc. (Except: Bulbs, Halogen Bulbs)

Electric and Electronic Tools:
Drills, Electric saws, Sewing Machines, Lawn Mowers etc. (Except: large stationary tools/machines)

Toys, Leisure, Sports and Recreational Equipment:
Electric train sets, coin slot machines, treadmills etc.

Medical Instruments and Equipment
Surveillance and Control Equipment
Automatic Issuing Machines

The Swiss ORDEE has the same definition as that of the EU WEEE Directive.

Interesting summary at file:///C:/Users/Beate%20Vought/Downloads/launch_wipo_report_on_e-waste_12th_december_2013_v2_-_m503-2594.pdf
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HIKIMAH NABUKENYA Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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there is no definition of e-waste yet in Uganda
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Efstathios Vaitsos Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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The e - waste definition in Greece is the same as the definition given in Module 2. Greece is a member of the EU so the definitions can not be different.
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Gladys durojaiye Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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At the national level, there is no specific definition for electronic wastes in Nigeria but for wastes in general.
Wastes are defined as substances or objects which are disposed off or are intended to be disposed off or are required to be disposed off by the provisions of the laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (FEPA Harmful Wastes Provision Decree 42 of 1988)
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Tanmoy Ghosh Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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My Country India did not transmit the definition of waste and hazardous waste till now to the Basel Convention.

According to the Basel Convention, wastes are substances or objects, which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of, or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national laws.

Additionally, wastes are such items which people are required to discard, for example by law because of their hazardous properties.

In India ,

’ewaste’ means electrical and electronic waste , whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process which are intended to be discarded.

and

‘environmentally sound management of ewaste ’ means taking all steps required to ensure that ewaste are managed in a manner which shall protect health and environment against any adverse effects , which may result from hazardous substance contained is such wastes.
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Alexander Alberto Moreta de Los Santos Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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There is no definition of e-waste yet in Dominican Republic.

Wastes:

All materials in solid, liquid or gas, either alone or mixed with other, resulting in an extraction process of nature, processing, manufacturing or consumption, which the holder decides to leave. Solids are recognized as those that are not liquid or sludge. In connection with the generation source establishes the following types:

* Commercial solid waste, Household solid waste, Agricultural waste, Biomedics waste, Construction or Demolition Waste and Industrial waste.

This definition is provided in the Environmental Management Standard for non-hazardous Solid Waste. It was issued by the Ministry of Environment of the Dominican Republic in June 2003, Modified and perfected (Pages 19)
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Anja Marie Bundgaard Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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The Danish definition of WEEE follows the European WEEE Directive and states that:
• EEE: electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘EEE’ means equipment which is dependent on electric currents or elec¬tromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation, transfer and measurement of such currents and fields and designed for use with a voltage rating not exceeding 1 000 volts for alternating current and 1 500 volts for direct current;
• waste electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘WEEE’ means electrical or electronic equipment which is waste within the meaning of Article 3(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC, including all components, sub-assemblies and consumables which are part of the product at the time of discarding;
Hence, the Danish definition is very similar to the one used in the Basel Convention which states that:
• Electrical or electronic equipment that is waste, including all components, sub-assemblies, and consumables that are part of the equipment at the time the equipment becomes waste.
However, in Danish legislation WEEE is further categorized into 10 categories: 1. Large household appliances, 2. Small household appliances, 3. IT and telecommunications equipment4a. Consumer equipment + 4b., Photovoltaic panels (PV-panels), 5. Lighting equipment:a)luminaires, b) light sources, 6. Electrical and electronic tools,
7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment, 8. Medical devices, 9. Monitoring and control instruments and 10. Automatic dispensers

To my knowledge is does not have any implication to the Basel Convention as it is also implemented into Danish and European regulation.
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Emilio De los Ríos Ibarra Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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in Mexico there there is no specific mention of e waste in the waste management law, though e waste may be included into the category of "dangerous waste" ( residuos peligrosos) to the general public it is not evident that e waste may be included into this category. This give place to the mis management of e waste, and it's certainly not managed as a dangerous waste as this category implies a quite specific management. Other problem is that law enforcement in waste and other matters is quite poor. As waste are frequently dumped in road sides as in the photo
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Ibukun Faluyi Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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The National Guidelines and Standards for Environmental Pollution Control in Nigeria defines “Hazardous Wastes” as a by-product of society that can pose a substantial or potential hazard to human health or the environment when it is improperly disposed. The definition is based on hazardous characteristics e.g. (ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity or toxicity).

Hazardous waste in Nigeria is limited to substances covered under annex I &II of the Basel Convention.
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Zornitsa Tsoneva Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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As a EU Member State Bulgaria transposed the definition for waste and hazardous waste from the EU Waste Law. The national definition of waste is: waste which displays one or more of the hazardous properties listed in Annex III to the Waste Management Act (Properties of waste which render it hazardous). Waste Management Act, promulgated in State Gazette No 53/13.07.2012, effective 13.07.2012, transposing Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives

Annex III to the Waste Management Act contains the hazardous properties listed in Annex III to Directive 2008/98/EC.

Bulgaria controls additional hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(1)(b) of the Basel Convention in relation to the above quoted EU Directive.
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Aluvinient Gonye Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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there is no proper definition of e-waste in Zimbabwe
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MIRNA BEATRIZ VIDAL DE HUEZO Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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En El Salvador no existe Legislación se incluya el concepto sin embargo se ha adoptado : El término Residuos de Aparatos Eléctricos y Electrónicos (RAEE) se refiere a los aparatos y equipos dañados, descartados, obsoletos o en desuso que utilizan electricidad o una fuente de energía para su funcionamiento.
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Alan Long Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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The definition of e-waste in the Netherlands is covered by the European Commission's definition in the Directive 2008/98/EC, Article 3.1. and is implemented under national legislation the Wet milieubeheer, article 1.1.

Broadly speaking e-waste categories follow those of the Basel Convention and the OECD, so very simular to Denmark in Anne Marie's post above because both countries are covered by the same directive. Unfortunately, this is not true across the whole European Union with variations in national legislation and enthusiasm for implementation.

From personal experience working for many years in the e-waste industry, I have found regulation in the Netherlands compliant and strict. By my former employer we regularly carried out tests under the control of, or on behalf of the European Union or national regulatory bodies, to check for compliance and to research the type and volume of e-waste received and processed.
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Aluvinient Gonye Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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My country does not have a aspecific definition of e-waste, every one has got his own defition of e-waste maybe this is becausae of zero implementation of electronic waste regulation framework and laws to guide people
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Elena Angela Vicario Accepted Answer Pending Moderation
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In the Philippines there is no a national definition of waste.
But in the national legislation there is a definition of "hazardous waste".
"Hazardous wastes" are substances that are without any safe commercial, industrial, agricultural or economic usage and are shipped, transported or brought from the country of origin for dumping or disposal into or in transit through any part of the territory of Philippines.

"Hazardous wastes" shall also refer to by-products, side-products, process residues, spent reaction media, contaminated plant or equipment or other substances from manufacturing operations and as consumer discards of manufactured products which present unreasonable risk and /or injury to health and safety and to the environment.

As far as I know,
DAO 2004-36: Procedural Manual for Hazardous Waste Management. It includes a first classification of Hazardous Wastes, Registration of Hazardous Waste Generator, Registration of Hazardous Waste Transporters, Categories of Treatment, Storage and Disposal (TSD) Facilities.
The classification of Hazardous Wastes has been reviewed and amended under the DAO 2013-22, where e-waste included too. Namely it includes all waste electrical and electronic equipment that contain hazardous components (such as lead, cadmium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) that includes its peripherals i.e., ink cartridges, toners, etc.), special waste and household waste too.
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